Anger is a natural and frequent human emotion which is expressed in daily day life. At times it is short lived, moderate and helpful. Whereas, other times it might be persistent and severe which can prove to be disruptive4.
Problem anger (that which leads you to act against your long-term best interests) is caused by high vulnerability. Problem anger comes in many forms, e. g, any resentment, restlessness, impatience, agitation, irritability, or sarcasm that motivates behavior contrary to your best interests6.
CONSEQUENCES OF OVERT AND SUPPRESSED ANGER:
OVERT ANGER (Daffenbacher, 1992)
It can lead to:
- Negative evaluations by others
- A negative self-concept
- Low self-esteem
- Conflict (Interpersonal and family)
It can lead to a number of medical conditions as following:
- Essential hypertension5
- Coronary artery disease5
- Psychological disorganization1
- Dysfunctional family interactions1
- Criminal aggressiveness1
- Sleep disturbance
CAUSES, RISK FACTORS AND CONSEQUENCES OF ANGER:
- PARENTING: Dix (1991) noted that average parents report high level of anger with their children.
- CHRONIC ILLNES: according to Abikoff and Klein, 1992 referrals for child and adolescent psychotherapy are related to patters of oppositional behavior, aversive verbal assaults, and aggression towards family members and peers
- PERSONALITY: Andrea Mathews (2015) say that a personality which is fairly empathetic, in which he feels responsible for the well-being of others, is less apt to have anger issues, than another person. It also depends upon the way we have been taught and reinforced for dealing with anger.
- TO MANIPULATE OTHERS: believe that if they get angry enough, demonstrate their anger for long enough or with enough intensity, people will give in.
- REACTION TO BULLY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL OR PHYSICAL TRAUMA: the person is so angry for having been abused that he can’t keep it down.
- ANGER RAPE: a study conducted to find out the causes of rape reveals that rape is committed to express anger. Another cause of rape was found to express power2
- LOW TOLERANCE FOR FRUSTRATION: some people really are more “hotheaded” than others are, says Jerry Deffenbacher. Its because the former individuals have low tolerance for frustration that they can’t take things in stride, and they’re particularly infuriated if the situation seems somehow unjust: for example, being corrected for a minor mistake.
- FAMILY BACKGROUND: Research has also found that family background plays a role. Tells Jerry Deffenbacher. Typically, people who are easily angered come from families that are disruptive, chaotic, and not skilled at emotional communications.
- ENDANGERED LIFE: angry person may indulge into fist-fights or drive recklessly, for example, endangering yourself and others.
ANGER IN WOMEN:
In general, women use approaches other than those involving anger to achieve goals and change the world. I have also found that anger does exist in women and that it can emerge in cryptically self-destructive ways1. through the lifespan of a woman, there emerges an increasing tension between her own putatively angering experience and the societal expectations of her to repress and/or suppress those angry emotions. Obviously, in psychoanalytic terms, the latter could result in harmful diversion of anger into subjective psychological disorganization, dysfunctional family interactions, criminal aggressiveness, and/or general chaotic dynamics. At best, overt anger in women continues to be viewed as unfeminine, inappropriate, and off-putting1.
ANGER IS OPTIMISM:
Although most people assume that anger leads to a pessimistic outlook on life, a new study suggests just the opposite—that anger can lead to optimism. First Lerner and her colleagues asked subjects about their reactions to the terrorist attacks of September 11 nine days after the attacks occurred, then determined whether subjects who were angry or whether subjects who were fearful were more optimistic. They found that those who were angry were more optimistic. Then, eight weeks later, using television imagery and newspaper reports about the September 11 attacks, they studied the same subjects again. But this time, half of the subjects were exposed to fear- inducing media reports, and half were exposed to anger-inducing media reports. The researchers found that the fear-inducing media reports increased subjects’ perceptions that they might be hurt in terrorist attacks—that is, made them more pessimistic, whereas the anger-inducing media reports decreased subjects’ perception of personal risk—that is, made them more optimistic. Thus, “regardless of whether we randomly exposed people to emotion-inducing media stories or if we measured naturally occurring emotions, greater anger led to greater optimism,” Lerner said in a press release issued by Carnegie Mellon University.3.
MANAGEMENT OF ANGER ISSUES:
- Relaxation techniques: for example deep breathing, Slowly repeat a calming word or phrase, Try non-strenuous, slow exercises like Yoga
- Anger therapy can be sought from a psychologist
- Anger management classes or groups can be joined
- cognitive restructuring that is, changing the way you think can help.ss
- “Women’s Anger: Clinical and Developmental Perspectives.” American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(4), pp. 688-a–689
- Rape: power, anger, and sexuality, ” American Journal of Psychiatry, (1977), 134 (11) pp. 1239-1243 doi.org/10.1176/ajp.134.11.1239
- “Anger May Give Birth To Optimism.” (2002)Psychiatric News, 37(9), p. 25
- Howard Kassinove, Denis G. Sukhodolsky. Anger Disorders: Basic science and practice issues
- Greer and Morris 1975,
- Steven Stosny, Ph.D. Anger in the Age of Entitlement. Anger Problems: What They Say about You Do you see anger or resentment in the mirror? Dec 29, 2008